Heidelberg Catechism — Lord’s Day 4

9 Does not God, then, do injustice to man by requiring of him in His Law that which he cannot perform? No, for God so made man that he could perform it;1 but man, through the instigation of the devil,2 by willful disobedience 3 deprived himself and all his descendants of this power. 4

1. Gen 1:31; Eph 4:24; 2. Gen 3:13; Jn 8:44; 1 Tim 2:13-14; 3. Gen 3:6; 4. Rom 5:12, 18-19

Genesis 1:3131 And God saw everything that he had made, and behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.
Ephesians 4:2424 and to put on the new self, created after the likeness of God in true righteousness and holiness.
Genesis 3:13 13 Then the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this that you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”
John 8:44 44 You are of your father the devil, and your will is to do your father’s desires. He was a murderer from the beginning, and has nothing to do with the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks out of his own character, for he is a liar and the father of lies.
1 Timothy 2:13-14 13 For Adam was formed first, then Eve; 14 and Adam was not deceived, but the woman was deceived and became a transgressor.
Genesis 3:6 6 So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, [1] she took of its fruit and ate, and she also gave some to her husband who was with her, and he ate.
Romans 5:12 Death in Adam, Life in Christ
12 Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned—
Romans 5:18-19 18 Therefore, as one trespass [2] led to condemnation for all men, so one act of righteousness [3] leads to justification and life for all men. 19 For as by the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man’s obedience the many will be made righteous

10 Will God allow such disobedience and apostasy to go unpunished? Certainly not, 1 but He is terribly displeased with our inborn as well as our actual sins, and will punish them in just judgment in time and eternity, 2 as He has declared: “Cursed is everyone that continues not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.”3

1. Heb 9:27; 2. Ex 34:7; Ps 5:4-6, 7:10; Nah 1:2; Mt 25:41; Rom 1:18, 5:12; Eph 5:6; 3. Deut 27:26; Gal 3:10

Hebrews 9:27 27 And just as it is appointed for man to die once, and after that comes judgment,
Exodus 34:7 7 keeping steadfast love for thousands, [1] forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, but who will by no means clear the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children and the children’s children, to the third and the fourth generation.”
Psalm 5:4-6 4 For you are not a God who delights in wickedness;
evil may not dwell with you. 5 The boastful shall not stand before your eyes;
you hate all evildoers. 6 You destroy those who speak lies; the Lord abhors the bloodthirsty and deceitful man.
Psalm 7:10 10 My shield is with God, who saves the upright in heart.
Nahum 1:2 God’s Wrath Against Nineveh
2 The Lord is a jealous and avenging God; the Lord is avenging and wrathful;
the Lord takes vengeance on his adversaries and keeps wrath for his enemies.
Matthew 25:41 41 “Then he will say to those on his left, ‘Depart from me, you cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels.
Romans 1:18 God’s Wrath on Unrighteousness
18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth.
Romans 5:12 Death in Adam, Life in Christ
12 Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned—
Ephesians 5:6 6 Let no one deceive you with empty words, for because of these things the wrath of God comes upon the sons of disobedience.
Deuteronomy 27:26 26 “‘Cursed be anyone who does not confirm the words of this law by doing them.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.’
Galatians 3:10 The Righteous Shall Live by Faith
10 For all who rely on works of the law are under a curse; for it is written, “Cursed be everyone who does not abide by all things written in the Book of the Law, and do them.”

11 But is not God also merciful? God is indeed merciful, 1 but He is likewise just;2 His justice therefore requires that sin which is committed against the most high majesty of God, be punished with extreme, that is, with everlasting punishment both of body and soul. 3

1. Ex 20:6, 34:6-7; Ps 103:8-9; 2. Ex 20:5, 34:7; Deut 7:9-11; Ps 5:4-6; 2 Cor 6:14-16; Heb 10:30-31; Rev 14:11; 3. Mt 25:45-46

Exodus 20:6 6 but showing steadfast love to thousands [1] of those who love me and keep my commandments.
Exodus 34:6-7 6 The Lord passed before him and proclaimed, “The Lord, the Lord, a God merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness, 7 keeping steadfast love for thousands, [2] forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, but who will by no means clear the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children and the children’s children, to the third and the fourth generation.”
Psalm 103:8-9 8 The Lord is merciful and gracious, slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love. 9 He will not always chide,
nor will he keep his anger forever.
Exodus 20:5 5 You shall not bow down to them or serve them, for I the Lord your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and the fourth generation of those who hate me,
Exodus 34:7 7 keeping steadfast love for thousands, [3] forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, but who will by no means clear the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children and the children’s children, to the third and the fourth generation.”
Deuteronomy 7:9-11 9 Know therefore that the Lord your God is God, the faithful God who keeps covenant and steadfast love with those who love him and keep his commandments, to a thousand generations, 10 and repays to their face those who hate him, by destroying them. He will not be slack with one who hates him. He will repay him to his face. 11 You shall therefore be careful to do the commandment and the statutes and the rules that I command you today.
Psalm 5:4-6 4 For you are not a God who delights in wickedness;
evil may not dwell with you. 5 The boastful shall not stand before your eyes;
you hate all evildoers. 6 You destroy those who speak lies; the Lord abhors the bloodthirsty and deceitful man.
2 Corinthians 6:14-16 The Temple of the Living God
14 Do not be unequally yoked with unbelievers. For what partnership has righteousness with lawlessness? Or what fellowship has light with darkness? 15 What accord has Christ with Belial? [4] Or what portion does a believer share with an unbeliever? 16 What agreement has the temple of God with idols? For we are the temple of the living God; as God said,
“I will make my dwelling among them and walk among them, and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
Hebrews 10:30-31 30 For we know him who said, “Vengeance is mine; I will repay.” And again, “The Lord will judge his people.” 31 It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.
Revelation 14:11 11 And the smoke of their torment goes up forever and ever, and they have no rest, day or night, these worshipers of the beast and its image, and whoever receives the mark of its name.”
Matthew 25:45-46 45 Then he will answer them, saying, ‘Truly, I say to you, as you did not do it to one of the least of these, you did not do it to me.’ 46 And these will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life.”

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About John
A follower of Christ and sinner who needs his grace everyday.

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